Dry Eyes Syndrome

published on: 01st june, 2021

Dr. Yahya Ali Yahya Al Midwahi is the first Emirati Ophthalmologist, a ConsultantOphthalmologist, and the Co-founder and Chairman of Samaya Specialized Center's Board of Directors. He served as the Medical Director and Head of Eye Department from 1984 to 2008 of Mafraq Hospital's and is a member of its Appointment and Evaluation Committee. He is a member of the Arab Board of Health Specializations, American Academy of Ophthalmology and European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeries. He is a life member of the American Medical Society of Vienna and a member and UAE representative for the Arab Council of Scientific Specialties and under the Ministry of Health, he is a Chairman of the Ophthalmic Committee, member of its Medical Board and member of its Drugs Committee.

What is Dry Eye?

Dry Eye or Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface which is a common complaint among middle-aged and older adults, with increased prevalence in patients with autoimmune disease. It also affect post-menopausal women and the elderly. It commonly occurs after an episode of viral keratoconjunctivitis or severe acute or subacute conjunctivitis.

What Causes Dry Eye?

Increased tear evaporation (70% of UAE's population is known to be affected) Decreased tear production (30% of UAE's population is known to be affected)

Aggravating Causes and Factors for Dry Eye

  • due to aging, medical conditions, medications and corneal nerve desensitivity
  • due to posterior blepharitis
  • due to less frequency of blinking
  • due to eyelid problems and eye allergies
  • due to topical eyedrops preservatives
  • due to environment's condition (wind, smoke, air, climate, etc.; common in the UAE)
  • due to Vitamin A deficiency (low in Vitamin A diet)
  • due to entropion (turning in of the eyelids), ectropion (turning outward of the eyelids)
  • due to computer screen time, reading, and other activities that reduces blinking
  • due to the wearing of contact lenses and refractive surgery such as LASIK

Risk Factors

  • Being older than 50 years of age due to the diminished tear production
  • Being a woman due to hormonal changes
  • Low in Vitamin A diet
  • Contact lenses wearing
  • History of refractive surgery

Signs and Symptoms

  • Stinging, burning, scratchy, and something in the eyes types of sensation
  • Stingy mucus around or inside the eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Eye redness
  • Contact lens wearing difficulty
  • Night time driving difficulty
  • Watery eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye fatigue


  • Lubrication drops and ointment
  • Anti-inflammatory drops for severe cases Prescription of methamphetamine, multivitamins (Vitamin A, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, etc.), anti- inflammatory, mental blocks Punctal plugs


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Gupta, I., Sood, R., Sri, J., & Bhardwaj, S. (2021). Clinicopathological Evaluation Of Eyelid Lesions-A Clinical Study. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 7(8), 3655-3660.

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