Dry Eyes Syndromepublished on: 01st june, 2021
Dr. Yahya Ali Yahya Al Midwahi is the first Emirati Ophthalmologist, a ConsultantOphthalmologist, and the Co-founder and Chairman of Samaya Specialized Center's Board of Directors. He served as the Medical Director and Head of Eye Department from 1984 to 2008 of Mafraq Hospital's and is a member of its Appointment and Evaluation Committee. He is a member of the Arab Board of Health Specializations, American Academy of Ophthalmology and European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeries. He is a life member of the American Medical Society of Vienna and a member and UAE representative for the Arab Council of Scientific Specialties and under the Ministry of Health, he is a Chairman of the Ophthalmic Committee, member of its Medical Board and member of its Drugs Committee.
What is Dry Eye?
Dry Eye or Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface which is a common complaint among middle-aged and older adults, with increased prevalence in patients with autoimmune disease. It also affect post-menopausal women and the elderly. It commonly occurs after an episode of viral keratoconjunctivitis or severe acute or subacute conjunctivitis.
What Causes Dry Eye?
Increased tear evaporation (70% of UAE's population is known to be affected) Decreased tear production (30% of UAE's population is known to be affected)
Aggravating Causes and Factors for Dry Eye
- due to aging, medical conditions, medications and corneal nerve desensitivity
- due to posterior blepharitis
- due to less frequency of blinking
- due to eyelid problems and eye allergies
- due to topical eyedrops preservatives
- due to environment's condition (wind, smoke, air, climate, etc.; common in the UAE)
- due to Vitamin A deficiency (low in Vitamin A diet)
- due to entropion (turning in of the eyelids), ectropion (turning outward of the eyelids)
- due to computer screen time, reading, and other activities that reduces blinking
- due to the wearing of contact lenses and refractive surgery such as LASIK
- Being older than 50 years of age due to the diminished tear production
- Being a woman due to hormonal changes
- Low in Vitamin A diet
- Contact lenses wearing
- History of refractive surgery
Signs and Symptoms
- Stinging, burning, scratchy, and something in the eyes types of sensation
- Stingy mucus around or inside the eyes
- Light sensitivity
- Eye redness
- Contact lens wearing difficulty
- Night time driving difficulty
- Watery eyes
- Blurred vision
- Eye fatigue
- Lubrication drops and ointment
- Anti-inflammatory drops for severe cases Prescription of methamphetamine, multivitamins (Vitamin A, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, etc.), anti- inflammatory, mental blocks Punctal plugs
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